4) The average breast size in America is currently a 36C, although 15 years ago it was a 34B. (Does anyone know what the increase is ascribed to? I do ... )
6) During the same year, there were nearly 18,000 breast reductions performed ... ON MEN.
7) In the early days of surgical breast augmentation, surgeons used implants made from a number of peculiar ingredients--including ox cartilage, glass balls, polyester and ground rubber--with disastrous results.
10) Breast milk tastes sweeter than cow's milk. (And apparently some grown-up like to drink it: Salon.com recently ran an article about a lactating oman who let her boyfriend drink her breast milk.)
11) Smokers will have saggier boobs than non-smokers, because the chemicals in cigarettes break down the body's elastin. (www.marieclaire.com)
I, like many of my readers had no clue that Texas of all places,allowed women to walk around topless legally. I NOW understand why there are so many topless women parading around Galveston Beach during Black Pride Weekend (Splash). What is confusing though is how its "against the law" for women to be topless (w/exposed nipples) in Strip Clubs...I wont bother getting a headache to figure out another of Texas's Double Standards dubbed as laws. While these facts are interestingly entertaining, it is important to be aware of Breast cancer statistics, as it knowledge is the key to prevention.
What is breast cancer?
Cancer is a group of diseases that cause cells in the body to change and grow out of control. Most types of cancer cells eventually form a lump or mass called a tumor, and are named after the part of the body where the tumor originates.
Breast cancer begins in breast tissue, which is made up of glands for milk production, called lobules, and the ducts that connect the lobules to the nipple. The remainder of the breast is made up of fatty, connective, and lymphatic tissue.
• Most masses are benign; that is, they are not cancerous, do not grow uncontrollably or spread, and are not life-threatening.
• Some breast cancers are called in situ because they are confined within the ducts (ductal carcinoma in situ or DCIS) or lobules (lobular carcinoma in situ or LCIS) where they originated. Many oncologists believe that LCIS (also known as lobular neoplasia) is not a true cancer, but an indicator of increased risk for developing invasive cancer in either breast.
·The majority of in situ breast cancers are DCIS, which accounted for about 83% of in situ cases diagnosed during 2004-2008.
· LCIS is much less common than DCIS, accounting for about 11% of female in situ breast cancers diagnosed during 2004-2008. · Other in situ breast cancers have characteristics of both ductal and lobular carcinomas or have unspecified origins.• Most breast cancers are invasive, or infiltrating. These cancers started in the lobules or ducts of the breast but have broken through the duct or glandular walls to invade the surrounding tissue of the breast. While clinical assessment clues (such as findings on breast exam or breast imaging results) may be strongly suggestive of a cancer diagnosis, microscopic analysis of breast tissue is necessary for a definitive diagnosis of breast cancer and to determine whether the cancer is in situ or invasive and lobular or ductal. The micro-scopic analysis can be obtained via a needle biopsy or a surgical biopsy. Selection of the type of biopsy is based on individual factors and availability.
The seriousness of invasive breast cancer is strongly influenced by the stage of the disease; that is, the extent or spread of the cancer when it is first diagnosed. There are two main staging systems for cancer. The TNM classification of tumors uses infor-mation on tumor size and how far it has spread within the breast and nearby organs (T), lymph node involvement (N), and the presence or absence of distant metastases (spread to distant organs) (M).1 Once the T, N, and M are determined, a stage of 0, I, II, III, or IV is assigned, with stage 0 being in situ, stage I being early stage invasive cancer, and stage IV being the most advanced. The TNM staging system is commonly used in clinical settings.
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
Breast cancer typically produces no symptoms when the tumor is small and most treatable. Therefore, it is very important for women to follow recommended screening guidelines for detecting breast cancer at an early stage, before symptoms develop. When breast cancer has grown to a size that can be felt, the most common physical sign is a painless lump. Sometimes breast cancer can spread to underarm lymph nodes and cause a lump or swelling, even before the original breast tumor is large enough to be felt. Less common signs and symptoms include breast pain or heaviness; persistent changes to the breast, such as swelling, thickening, or redness of the breast’s skin; and nipple abnormalities such as spontaneous discharge (especially if bloody), erosion, inversion, or tenderness. It is important to note that pain (or lack thereof) does not indicate the presence or the absence of breast cancer. Any persistent abnormality in the breast should be evaluated by a physician as soon as possible.
BREAST CANCER PROGNOSIS AND DEATHS
How many cases and deaths were estimated to occur in 2011?
• In 2011, an estimated 230,480 new cases of invasive breast cancer will be diagnosed among women, as well as an estimated 57,650 additional cases of in situ breast cancer (Table 1).
• In 2011, approximately 39,520 women are expected to die from breast cancer (Table 1). Only lung cancer accounts for more cancer deaths in women.
• In 2011, about 2,140 cases of breast cancer are expected to occur among men, accounting for about 1% of all breast cancers. In addition, approximately 450 men will die from breast cancer.
Table 1. Estimated New Female Breast Cancer Cases and Deaths by Age, US, 2011*
Age In Situ Cases Invasive Cases Deaths
Under 40: 1,780 11,330 1,160
Under 50: 14,240 50,430 5,240
50-64: 23,360 81,970 11,620
65+ 20,050 98,080 22,660
All ages: 57,650 230,480 39,520
*Rounded to the nearest 10.
Source: Total estimated cases are based on 1995-2007 incidence rates from 46 states as reported by the North American Association for Central Cancer Registries. Total estimated deaths are based on data from US Mortality Data, 1969-2007, National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. American Cancer Society, Surveillance Research, 2011
How many women alive today have ever had breast cancer?
The National Cancer Institute estimates that approximately 2.6 million US women with a history of breast cancer were alive in January 2008, more than half of whom were diagnosed less than 10 years earlier.3 Most of these individuals were cancer-free, while others still had evidence of cancer and may have been undergoing treatment.
Who gets breast cancer?
• Excluding cancers of the skin, breast cancer is the most common cancer among women, accounting for nearly 1 in 3 cancers diagnosed in US women.
• Men are generally at low risk for developing breast cancer; however, they should report any change in their breasts to a physician.
• Breast cancer incidence and death rates generally increase with age (Figure 1, page 1). Ninety-five percent of new cases and 97% of breast cancer deaths occurred in women 40 years of age and older.
• During 2004-2008, among adult women, those 20-24 years of age had the lowest incidence rate, 1.5 cases per 100,000 women; women 75-79 years of age had the highest incidence rate, 421.3 cases per 100,000. The decrease in incidence rates that occurs in women 80 years of age and older may reflect lower rates of screening, the detection of cancers by mammography before 80 years of age, and/or incomplete detection.• During 2004-2008, the median age at the time of breast cancer diagnosis was 61 years.3 This means that 50% of women who developed breast cancer were 61 years of age or younger at the time of diagnosis.
• Breast cancer incidence rates are higher in non-Hispanic white women compared to African American women for most age groups (Figure 1, page 1). However, African American women have a higher incidence rate before 40 years of age and are more likely to die from breast cancer at every age.• Incidence and death rates for breast cancer are lower among women of other racial and ethnic groups than among non-Hispanic white and African American women non-Hispanic white women range from 21.5 in Montana to 28.0 in New Jersey. In contrast, breast cancer death rates range from 19.9 in Oregon to 38.0 in Tennessee among African American women. Breast cancer death rates are lowest for Hispanic women and range from 8.7 in Maryland to 22.3 in Hawaii.
• Breast cancer mortality rates among non-Hispanic white women tend to be highest in the West, Midwest, and Mid-Atlantic parts of the US. Among African American women, death rates are generally highest in the Midwest and South Central regions.
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